Idaho Dairy Stats 2010
IDAHO HERD SIZE
"The tendency has been fewer and larger farms, not just in Idaho but nationally," said Marv Patten, dairy bureau chief for the Idaho Department of Agriculture.
- Licensed dairies : 584
- Number of mature cows: 519,552
- Average herd size: 889 cows
Source: Idaho Department of Agriculture
TOP 5 IDAHO AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS
- $2.1 billion: dairy products, 6% of nation's total
- $1.2 billion: cattle and calves, 2.5% of nation's total
- $781 million: potatoes, 21.2% of nation's total
- $676 million: hay, 9.1% of nation's total
- $666 million: wheat, 3.8% of nation's total
Source: USDA Economic Research Service
IDAHO'S DAIRY BOOM
Between 2003 and 2008:
- Milk production increased from 8.8 billion pounds to 12.3 billion pounds - a 40.4 percent increase. Nationally, milk production increased 11.5 percent.
- The annual volume of cheese increased by 149.4 million pounds - a 22.8 percent increase. Nationally, cheese production increased 16.1 percent.
Source: "The Economic and Fiscal Impacts of the Idaho Dairy Farming and Dairy Product Manufacturing Industries 2008," Boise State University
Most Idaho dairy farmers need to earn $15-$16 per hundred pounds of milk to break even. At the bottom of the market in 2009, dairies got $8.80 for 100 pounds of milk.
In 2008, the average price for 100 pounds of milk was $17.11; in 2009, it dropped to $11.80, according to the United Dairymen of Idaho.
There are 11.5 gallons in 100 pounds of milk. At $2.75 a gallon, it would cost $31.63 for 100 pounds if you bought it at the store.
The value of a dairy cow to a bank used to be $1,500. In 2010, it's $1,100. It used to cost $1,200 to raise a heifer. In 2010, it costs $1,500-$1,600. In 2010, feed is $10 per ton more than the historic price.
Read more: http://www.idahostatesman.com/2010/04/13/1150995/idaho-dairies-struggle-to-hang.html#ixzz0kzwGQYNS